A Shape Computation Bibliography (as of April 1999)

Agarwal M, Cagan J, 1998, "A Blend of Different Tastes: The Language of Coffee Makers", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 25:2 205-226

Agarwal M, Cagan J, Constantine K, 1999, "Influencing generative design through continuous evaluation: associating costs with the coffeemaker shape grammar", to appear inAI EDAM Special Issue on Generative Systems in Design 4

Agarwal M, Cagan J, Stiny G, 1999, "A micro language: generating MEMS resonators using a coupled form-function shape grammar",Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 4

Asimow M 1962, Introduction to Design, (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ)

Batty M, 1976 Urban Modeling (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK)

Boast R B, 1987, "Rites of passage: topological and formal representations" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 14 451-466

Brown K N, 1997 "Grammatical design" IEEE Expert: Intelligent Systems and their Applications 12 27-33

Brown K N, Cagan J, 1996 "Grammatical design and bounded creativity" EDRC Report 24-124-96, Engineering Design Research Center, Carnegie Mellon University

Brown K N, McMahon C A, Sims J H, 1994 "Constraint unification grammars: specifying languages of parametric designs" in J S Gero and F Sudweeks (eds) Artificial Intelligence in Design '94, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands) 239-256

Brown K N, McMahon C A, Sims J H, 1995 "Features, aka the semantics of a formal language on manufacturing" Research in Engineering Design 7 151-172

Netherlands) 239-256

Brown K N, McMahon C A, Sims J H, 1994 "A formal language for the design of manufacturable objects" Formal Design Methods for CAD7 151-172

Buelinckx H, 1993a, "Wren language of City church designs - a formal generative classification" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 20 645-676

Buelinckx H, 1993b, New Languages of Design Based on Spatial and Structural Aspects of Form: a Formal Generative Specification Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles

Cagan J, Mitchell W, 1994," A grammatical approach to network flow synthesis "Formal Methods for CAD,IFIP YC5/WG5.2 Workshop, Tallinn, Estonia, June IFIP Transation 3 B-18173-189/FONT>

Cagdas G, 1996a," A shape grammar: the language of traditional Turkish houses"Environment and planning. B, Planning and Design, 23:4/FONT>

Cagdas G, 1996b," A shape grammar model for designing tow houeses"Design Studies, 17:1/FONT>

Carlson C, 1993 Grammatical Programming: An Algebraic Approach to the Description of Design Spaces, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

Carlson C, McKelvey R,Woodbury R, 1991, "An introduction to structures and structure grammars" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 18 417-426

Chase S C, 1989, "Shapes and shape grammars: from mathematical model to computer implementation" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 16 215-242

Chase S C, 1996 Modeling Designs with Shape Algebras and Formal Logic Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles

Chase S C, 1999, "Supporting emergence in geographic information systems" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26 33-44

Chiou S-C, 1996 Computational Considerations of Historical Architectural Analysis: A case study of Chinese traditional architecture, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1995, "The fortunate dimensions of Taiwanese traditional architecture" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 22 547-562

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1995, "The grammar of Taiwanese traditional vernacular dwellings" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design: Planning and Design 22 689-720

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1995, "The grammatical basis of traditional Chinese architecture" Languages in Design 3 5-31

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1996, "Example Taiwanese traditional houses" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23 191-216

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1997, "Unraveling Feng-shui" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design:Planning and Design 24(4)

Chiou S-C, Krishnamurti R, 1997, "A grammar of Taiwanese traditional temples" CAADRIA 97 (The Second Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia), Taiwan, April 17-19, 1997

Chippindale C, 1986. "Archaeology, design-theory and the reconstruction of prehistoric design- systems", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 13 445-485.

Chippindale C, 1992. Geometry, generative grammars, and 'meaning' in artefacts, in C Peebles and J-C Gardin (eds), Representations in archaeology (Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN) 251-276

Clarke D, 1968 Analytical Archaeology (Methuen, London, UK)

Crowther D, Echenique M, 1972 "Development of a model of urban spatial structure" in Martin and March (1972) 175-218

de la Barra T, 1989 Integrated Land Use and Transportation Modeling (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,UK)

Downing F and Flemming U, 1981,"The bungalows of Buffalo" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 269-293

Earl C F, 1977, "A note on the generation of rectangular dissections" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 4 241-246

Earl C F, 1978 "Joints in two- and three- dimensional rectangular dissections" Environment and Planning B 5 179-187

Earl C F, 1979 "The representation of kinematic chains" Environment and Planning B 6 455-468

Earl C F, 1980 "Rectangular shapes" Environment and Planning B 7 311-342

Earl C F, 1981, Spatial Arrangements in Architecture and Mechanical Engineering: some Aspects of their Representation and Construction Ph.D. Thesis, The Open University.

Earl C F, 1986, "Creating design worlds" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 13 177-188

Earl C F, 1987a, "Representing relationships" in Rooney J and Steadman P (eds) Principles of Computer Aided Design (Pitman/OU Press, London, UK) 39-56

Earl C F, 1987b "Shape grammars and the generation of designs" in J Rooney and P Steadman (eds) Principles of Computer Aided Design (Pitman/OU Press, London,UK) 297-315

Earl C F, 1995a "Cognition" in G Rzevski Mechatronics: Perception, Cognition and Execution (Butterworths, London, UK) 135-158

Earl C F, 1995b "Planning" in G Rzevski Mechatronics: Perception, Cognition and Execution (Butterworths, London, UK) 159-193

Earl C F, 1997 "Shape boundaries" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design:Planning and Design 24 669-687

Earl C F, Johnson J, 1981, "Graph theory and Q-analysis" Environment and Planning B 8 367-391

Earl C F, Krishnamurti R, 1984, "Spatial relations, kinematics and assembly" Proceedings of the International Symposium on Design and Synthesis, Tokyo

Earl C F, March L, 1979a, "Configurational studies; network geometry - an example" Proceedings of the International Conference on Applications of Computers in Architecture, Building Design and Urban Planning Berlin 353-363

Earl C F, March L, 1979b "Architectural applications of graph theory" in R J Wilson and L W Beineke Applications of Graph Theory (Academic Press, London, UK) 327-355

Eastman C, 1988, "Automatic Composition in Design, " in S Newsome S, W Spillers W, and Finger S (eds.)Design Theory and Methodology, (Springer Verlag, New York) 158-172

Eastman C, 1991 "The evolution of CAD: Integrating multiple representations" Building and Environment 26 17-24

Eastman C, 1992, "A data model analysis of modularity and extensibility in building databases" Environment and Building 27 135-14

Eastman C, 1993, "A Data Model for Design Knowledge", in Carrera G and Kalay Y (eds.) Knowledge-Based Computer-Aided Architectural Design (Elsevier Press, New York) 95-122

Eastman C, 1993, "Conceptual modeling in design", in Fundamental Developments of Computer-Aided Geometric Modeling, Ed L Piegl (Academic Press, London) 185-202

Eastman C, 1994, "A data model for design knowledge" Automation in Construction 3 135-148

Eastman C, 1995, "Integration of design and construction knowledge", in Brandon P, Betts M (eds) Integrated Construction Information (Chapman amp; Hall, London) 173-192

Eastman C, Bond A, Chase S, 1991, "A formal approach for product model information" Research in Engineering Design 2 65-80,

Eastman C, Bond A, Chase S, 1991, "A data model for designed products", in Cohn L F and Rasdorf W (eds.) Computing in Civil Engineering, and Symposium on Databases (ASCE) 679-688

Eastman C, Bond A,Chase S, 1991, "Application and evaluation of an engineering product model" Research in Engineering Design 2 185-208

Eastman C, Bond A,Chase S, 1991, "A data model for engineering design databases" in1st International Conference on AI in Design (Butterworths Heinemann, London)

Eastman C, Chase S, Assal H, 1993, "System architecture for computer integration of design and construction knowledge" Automation in Construction 2 95-107

Eastman C, Chase S, Assal H, 1994. "System architecture for computer integration of design and construction knowledge", in Tzonis A and White I (eds) Automation Based Design: Research amp; Perspectives (Elsevier,New York)

Eastman C, Fereshatian N, 1994, "Information models for product design: a comparison" Computer- Aided Design 26 551-572

Eastman C, Kutay A, 1991, "Transaction management in design databases" in Sriram D, Logcher R and Fukada S (eds) Computer-Aided Cooperative Product Development (Springer Verlag, New York)

Eastman C, Siabiris A, 1995. "A generic building product model incorporating building type information" Automation in Construction 3 283-304

Erdös P. Gruber P M, Hammer J, 1989, Lattice Points (Longman Scientific and Technical, Harlow, UK)

Economou T, 1997 Architectonics of Symmetry in Twentieth Century Architectural and Music Theories Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles (to be filed)

Economou A, 1999, "The symmetry lessons from Froebel building gifts", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26:1 75-90

Fenves S J, Baker N C, 1988, "Grammars for Functional and Spatial Reasoning in Design" in Computing in Civil Engineering: Microcomputers to Supercomputers (American Society of Civil Engineers) 819-828/font>

Finger S, Rinderle J R, 1989, "A transformational approach to mechanical design using a bond graph grammar", Proceedings of the First ASME Design Theory and Methodology Conference, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Montreacute;al, Quebec, September, 1989, 107-116

Finger S, Rinderle J R, 1990, "Transforming behavioral and physical representations of mechanical designs",Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Formal Methods in Engineering Design Manufacturing, and Assembly, Colorado State University, January 15-17, 1990, 133-151

Finger S, Safier S A, 1990, "Representing and recognizing features in mechanical designs", Second International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, DTM'90", September, 1990, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Chicago

Fitzhorn P, 1992, "Formal graph languages of shape?" Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing 4 (3): 151-163

Fleisher A, 1992, "grammatical architecture?" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19 221-226

Flemming U, 1981, "The secret of Casa Guiliani Frigerio" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 87-96

Flemming U, 1987, "More than the sum of parts: the grammar of Queen Anne houses" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 14 323-350

Flemming U, 1987, "The role of shape grammars in the analysis and creation of designs" in Kalay Y E (ed.) Computability of Designs (New York: John Wiley amp; Sons) 245-272

Flemming U, 1987,A pattern book for Shadyside Tech Report, Department of Architecture Report, Carnegie Mellon University

Fletterick R, Schroer T, Matela R Molecular Structure: Macromolecules in Three Dimensions (Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK)

Gibbs J, 1997 Irving J Gill's Architectural Grammar Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles (to be filed)

book Gips J, 1975 Shape Grammars and Their Uses: Artificial Perception, Shape Generation and Computer Aesthetics (Birkhaüser, Basel:, Switzerland)

Gips J, "A Syntax-Directed Program that Performs a Three-Dimensional Perceptual Task", Pattern Recognition 6:189-199

paper Gips, J, "Computer Implementation of Shape Grammars" Workshop on Shape Computation, MIT, 1999.

Gips J and Stiny G, 1975 "An Investigation of Algorithmic Aesthetics", Leonardo, 8:3, 213-220. Republished in (ed) Malina F, 1979, Visual Art, Mathematics and Computers, edited by F. Malina, Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Gips J, Siny G, 1980, "Production systems and grammars: a uniform characterization" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 7 399-408

Grünbaum B, Shephard G C, 1987, Tilings and Patterns (W H Freeman and Company, New York, NY)

Haggett P, Chorley R, 1967 Models in Geography (Methuen, London, UK)

Hanson N L R, Radford A D, 1986, "On Modeling the Work of the Architect Glenn Murcutt" Design Computing, 1, 189-203

Heisserman J A, 1991 Generative Geometric Design and Boundary Solid Grammars, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

Heisserman J, 1994, "Generative Geometric Design", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 14:2 37-45

Heisserman J and Woodbury R, 1994, "Geometric design with boundary solid grammars", in Gero J and Tyugu E (eds) Formal Design Methods for CAD (B-18)85-105

Hsiao, S W, Chen, C H, 1997, "A semantic and shape grammar based approach for product design" Design studies 18:13

Kirsch J L, Kirsch R A, 1986, "The structure of paintings: formal grammars and design" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 13 163-176

Kirsch J L, Kirsch R A, 1988, "The anatomy of painting style: description with computer rules" Leonardo 21 437-444

Kirsch J L, Kirsch R A, 1990, "Storing art images in intelligent computers" Leonardo 23 99-106

Kirsch J L, Kirsch R A, 1997 "Using computers to describe style" American Indian Rock Art 22 (in press)

Kirsch J L, Kirsch R A and Ressler S, 1988 "Computers viewing artists at work" in G Ferrate et al. (eds) Syntactic and Structural Pattern Recognition (NATO ASI series 65, Springer Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg)

Knight T W, 1980, "The generation of Hepplewhite-style chair back designs Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 7 227-238

Knight T W, 1981a, "Languages of design: from known to new" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 213-238

Knight T W, 1981b, "The Forty-one Steps: the languages of Japanese tea-room designs" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 97-114

Knight T W, 1983, "Transformations of languages of design" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 10 (Part 1) 125-128, (Part 2) 129-154, (Part 3) 155-177

Knight T W, 1985 Transformations of Languages of Design,, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles

Knight T W, 1986,"Transformations of the meander motif on Greek geometric pottery" Design Computing, 1 29-67

Knight T W, 1988, "Comparing designs" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 15 73-110

Knight T W, 1989a, "Color grammars: designing with lines and colors" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 16 417-449

Knight T W, 1989b, "Transformations of the De Stijl art: the paintings of Georges Vantangerloo and Fritz Glarner" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 16 51-98

Knight T W, 1990, "Mughal gardens revisited" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 17 73-84

Knight T W, 1992, "Designing with grammars" in Schmitt G N (ed) Computer-Aided Architectural Design (Wiesbaden: Verlag Viewag) 33-48

Knight T W, 1993, "Color grammars: the representation of form and color in design" Leonardo 26 117-124

Knight T W, 1994a, "Shape grammars and color grammars in design" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 21 705-735

Knight T W, 1994bTransformations in Design: a Formal Approach to Stylistic Change and Innovation in the Visual Arts Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England

Knight T W, 1995, "Constructive symmetry" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design:Planning and Design 22 419-450

Knight T W, 1997a, "Infinite patterns and their symmetry" Languages in Design 3 (in press)

Knight T W, 1998, "Designing a shape grammar: Problems of predictability", Artificial Intelligence in Design Eds J S Gero, F Sudweeks (Kluwer, Dordrecht)

Knight T W, 1999, "Shape grammars: Six types", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26:1 15-31

Knight T W, 1999, "Shape Grammars: Five Questions", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 2615Ð31

paper Knight T W, 1999, "Applications in architectural design, and education and practice" Workshop on Shape Computation MIT 1999.

Knuth D, 1973 "Computer science and mathematics" American Scientist 61 709

Koning H, Eizenberg J, 1981, "The language of the prairie: Frank Lloyd Wright's prairie houses" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 8 295-323

Koning H, Eizenberg J, 1997, Koning + Eizenberg (Rizzoli, New York NY)

Krishnamurti R, 1979 "3-rectangulations: an algorithm to generate box packings" Environment and Planning B 6 331-364

Krishnamurti R, 1980, "The arithmetic of shapes" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 7 463-484

Krishnamurti R, 1981, "The construction of shapes" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 8 5-40

Krishnamurti R, 1982, "SGI: a shape grammar interpreter" research report, Centre for Configurational Studies, The Open University, Milton Keynes, England

Krishnamurti R, 1992a, "The maximal representation of a shape" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19 267-288

Krishnamurti R, 1992b, "The arithmetic of maximal planes" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19 431-464

Krishnamurti R, Earl C F, 1992, "Shape recognition in three dimensions" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19 585-603

Krishnamurti R, Earl C F, 1992 'Shape recognition in three dimensions' Environment and

Planning B: Planning and Design 19 pp 585-603

Krishnamurti R, Earl C F, 1998 'Densely packed rectangulations' Environment and Planning B:

Planning and Design 25 pp 637-792< /P>

Krishnamurti R, Giraud C, 1986, "Towards a shape editor: the implementation of a shape generation system" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 13 391-403

Krishnamurti R, Roe P H O'N, 1978, "Algorithmic aspects of plan generation and enumeration" Environment and Planning B 5 157-188

Krishnamurti R, Roe P H O'N, 1979 "On the generation and enumeration of tessellation designs" Environment and Planning B 6 191-260

Krishnamurti R, Stouffs R, 1993, "Spatial grammars: motivation, comparison and new results" in Flemming U and Van Wyk S (eds) CAAD Futures'93 (Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers BV) 57-74

Krishnamurti R, Stouffs R, 1997, "Spatial change: continuity, reversibility and emergent shapes" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 24 359-384

Kristic G, 1996 Decompositions of Shapes Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles

Krstic D, 1999, "Constructing algebras of design", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26:1 45-57

Leach E, 1962 Rethinking Anthropology (University of London, Athlone Press, London, UK)

Li K, (1998, in progress), The Behaviour of Shape Schema Rules Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide

Li K, Woodbury R, Radford A, 1998, "A comparison of shape grammars, parametric shape grammars and shape schema grammars" in proceedings of Mathematics and Design 98, 1-4 June 1998, San Sebastián, Spain

Liou S-R, Vakalo E G, Lee Y-C, 1990,"The Si He Yuan of Beijing" in Proceedings of the IAPS 11th International Conference 2: 362-371

Longenecker S N, Fitzhorn P A, 1991, "A Shape Grammar for Non-Manifold Modeling", Research in Engineering Design 2:3 159-170

March L, 1976a "Forward "in Architecture of Form Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, vii-xv

March L, !976b "The logic of design and the question of value" in Architecture of Form Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1 - 40

March L, 1976c "A Boolean description of a class of built forms" in Architecture of Form Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 41-73

March L, 1983a "Design in a world of chance" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 10 471-484

March L, 1983b "To grasp creativity" Private View 2 4-5

March L, 1996a "The smallest interesting world" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23 133-142

March L. 1996b "Babbage's miraculous computation revisited" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23 369-376

March L, 1996c "Rulebound unruliness" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23 391-399

March L, 1997, "Architectonics of proportion: a shape grammatical depiction of classical theory" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design (in press)

....

March L, 1999, "Architectonic of proportion: a shape grammatical depiction of classical theory", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26:1 91-100

March L, Batty M, 1976d "The method of residues in urban modeling" Environment and Planning A 8 189-214

March L, Earl C F, 1977 "On counting architectural plans" Environment and Planning B 4 57-80

March L, Knight T W, 1997 Design and Computation: the Los Angeles School 1972-1997 (eds), Theme Issue Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 24 (in press)

March L, Steadman P, 1971, The Geometry of Environment RIBA Publications, London

March L, Steadman P "From descriptive geometry to configurational engineering" in Proceedings: International Conference on Descriptive Geometry Vancouver 21-24

March L, Stiny G, 1985, "Spatial systems in architecture and design: some history and logic" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 12 31-53

Martin L, March L, 1972 Urban Space and Structures (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK)

Matela R, O'Hare E, 1976 "Graph-theoretic aspects of polyominoes and related spatial structures" Environment and Planning B 3 79-110

Mitchell W J, 1975, "The theoretical foundation of computer-aided architectural design" Environment and Planning B 2 127-150

Mitchell W J, 1977, Computer-Aided Architectural Design (Petrocelli/Charter, New York NY)

Mitchell W J, 1989 The Logic of Architecture, (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA)

Mitchell W J, 1991"Funcdtional grammars: an introduction" in Goldman G and Zdepski M (eds)Computer Aided Design in Architecture Ô91: Reality and Virtual Reality, (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA)

Mitchell W J, Liggett R S, Kvan T, 1987, The Art of Computer Programming: a Structured Introduction for Architects and Designers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, NewYork NY)

Mitchell W J, Steadman J P, Liggett R S, 1976, "Synthesis and optimisation of small rectangular floor plans" Environment and Planning B 3 37-70

Perles C, 1992. "In search of lithic strategies: a cognitive approach to prehistoric chipped stone assemblages", in Peebles C and Gardin J-C (eds), Representations in Archaeology:(Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN) 223-247

Peterson I, 1984 "Send this computer to the kindergarten" Science News 126 10-11

Peterson I, 1986 "Computing art: can a computer be taught to take a painting's measure?" Science News 129 138-140

Peterson I, 1990 "Computers in kindergarten" in I Peterson Islands of Truth: a Mathematical Mystery Tour W H Freeman, NewYork 103-110

Piazzalunga U, Fitzhorn P I, 1998 "Note on a three-dimensional shape grammar interpreter"Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 2511-33

Read D W. 1982. "Toward a theory of archaeological classification" in Essays on Archaeological Typology R. Whallon and J. Brown (eds) (Center for American Archaeology Press, Evanston) 56-92.

Read, D W. 1986. "Shape grammar representation of projectile points:A bridge from material object to conceptual structure?" Manuscript presented at the Workshop and Symposium on Shape Grammar in Archaeology,Society for American Anthropology Annual Meeting, New Orleans.

Read, D W. 1987. "Archaeological theory and statistical methods:Discordance, resolution, and new directions" in Quantitative Research in Archaeology, M. Aldenderfer (ed) (Sage Publications, Newbury Park) 151-184

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Rinderle JR, 1991"Grammatical approaches to engineering design, part II: melding configuration and parametric design using attribute grammars" Research in Engineering Design 2 137-146

Rollo J, 1995"Trianlge and t-square: the windows of Frank LLoyd Wright" Environment and Planning B: PLanning and Design 22: 75-92

Schmitt G N, 1988, Microcomputer Aided Design: For Architects and Designers (John Wiley amp; Sons, New York, NY)

Schmidt L C, Cagan J, 1996, "Grammars for machine design" in Artificial Intelligence in Design '96 Ed J S Gero, F Sudweeks (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht) 325-344

Schmidt L C, Shetty H, Chase S C, 1998, "A Graph Grammar Approach for Structure Synthesis of Mechanisms", accepted to DTM '98

Shea K and Cagan J, 1996, "Innovative Dome Design: Applying Geodesic Patterns with Shape Annealing", Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis, and Manufacturing

Shea K, Cagan J, 1998, "Generating structural essays from languages of discrete structures" in Artificial Intelligence in Design '98 Ed J S Gero, F Sudweeks (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht) 365-384

Shin H, 1996 Pythagorean Number Theory and Proportional Design in the Second Book of Andrea Palladio's I Quattro Libri del'Architettura Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Architecture (Design and Computation), University of California, Los Angeles

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Steadman P, 1983 Architectural Morphology (Pion Limited, London, UK)

Stiny G, 1975 Pictorial and Formal Aspects of Shapes and Shape Grammars (Birkhauser, Basel, Switzerland)

Stiny G, 1976, "Two exercises in formal composition" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 1976 3 187-210

Stiny G, 1977a, "Ice-ray: a note on Chinese lattice designs" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 4 89-98

Stiny G, 1977b,"Review: Fractals: Form, Chance, and Dimension by B B Mandlebrot, Freeman, San Francisco,1977" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 4 248-249

Stiny G, 1978, "Generating and Measuring Aesthetic Forms" in E C Carterette and M P Friedman (eds) Handbook of Perception, Volume X, (Academic Press, New York, NY) 133-152

Stiny G, 1980a, "Introduction to shape and shape grammars" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 7 343-351

Stiny G, 1980b, "Kindergarten grammars: designing with Froebel's building gifts" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 7 409-462

Stiny G, 1981, "A note on the description of designs" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 257-267

Stiny G, 1982a, "Shapes are individuals" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 9 359-367

Stiny G, 1982b, "Spatial relations and grammars" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 9 113-114

Stiny G, 1985, "Computing with form and meaning in architecture" Journal of Architectural Education, 39(1) 7-19

Stiny G, 1986, "A new line on drafting systems" Design Computing 1 5-19

Stiny G, 1987, "Composition counts: A+E = AE" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 14 167-182

Stiny G, 1989, "Formal devices in design" in S A Newsome, W R Spillers and S Finger S (eds)Design Theory 88 (New York: Springer-Verlag) 173-188

Stiny G, 1990a, "What designers do that computers should" in McCullough, Mitchell and Purcell (eds) The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era (MIT Press:Cambridge,MA)

Stiny G, 1990b,"What is design?" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 17 97-103

Stiny G, 1991,"The algebras of design" Research in Engineering Design 2 (3) 171-181

Stiny G, 1992, "Weights" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19 413-430

Stiny G, 1993, "Boolean algebra for shapes and individuals" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 20 359-362

Stiny G 1993, "Emergence and Continuity in Shape Grammars" in Flemming U and Van Wyk S (eds) CAAD Futures'93 (Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers BV) 37-54

Stiny G, 1994, "Shape rules: closure, continuity and emergensce" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 21, s49-s78

Stiny G, 1998 Shape: A Primer in Algebra, Grammar and Description (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK) in preparation

Stiny G, 1999 "Commentary: Shape" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 19

paper Stiny G, Gips J, 1972, "Shape Grammars and the Generative Specification of Painting and Sculpture" in C V Freiman (ed) Information Processing 71 (Amsterdam: North-Holland) 1460-1465. Republished in Petrocelli O R (ed) 1972 The Best Computer Papers of 1971: Auerbach, Philadelphia 125-135.

Stiny G and Gips J, "Formalization of Analysis and Design in the Arts", in SpillersW (ed.) 1974, Basic Questions in Design Theory,, North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam

book Stiny G, Gips J, 1978a Algorithmic Aesthetics: Computer Models for Criticism and Design in the Arts (University of California Press, Berkeley, CA)

Stiny G, Gips J, 1978b, "An evaluation of Palladian plans" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 5 199-206

Stiny G, March L, 1981, "Design machines" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 8 245-255

Stiny G, Mitchell W J, 1978a, "The Palladian Grammar" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 5 5-18

Stiny G, Mitchell W J, 1978b, "Counting Palladian plans" Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 5 189-198

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